Periodontitis, commonly known as gum disease, can occur due to a build up of plaque and tartar below the gum line. Symptoms often include puffy, inflamed gums that bleed during brushing or flossing and bad breath. It is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. Brushing and flossing alone cannot treat periodontitis. It is necessary to have this buildup removed professionally by a dentist or dental hygienist. Left untreated, gum disease can result in bone loss and ultimately tooth loss. Usually, there is no pain associated with gum disease until it is too late to save your teeth. If it has been a while since your last dental cleaning or if you notice problems with your breath or gums, call and schedule a checkup before it is too late.